Burma BURMA BRITISH EMPIRE HISTORY BY D G E HALL CONTENTS Note on Pronunciation I The PrePagan Period II The Pagan Period in The Shan Penetration iv The Mon Hegemony v The Rise of the Toungoo Dyna
Author: D.G.E. Hall
BURMA BRITISH EMPIRE HISTORY BY D G E HALL CONTENTS Note on Pronunciation I The PrePagan Period II The Pagan Period 1044 1287 in The Shan Penetration iv The Mon Hegemony v The Rise of the Toungoo Dynasty vi The Coming of the European vn Arakan, the Feringhi and the Dutch vin The later Toungoo Dynasty 1600 1752 ix The Mon Revolt x Alaungpaya xi Burma under the Early KonbBURMA BRITISH EMPIRE HISTORY BY D G E HALL CONTENTS Note on Pronunciation I The PrePagan Period II The Pagan Period 1044 1287 in The Shan Penetration iv The Mon Hegemony v The Rise of the Toungoo Dynasty vi The Coming of the European vn Arakan, the Feringhi and the Dutch vin The later Toungoo Dynasty 1600 1752 ix The Mon Revolt x Alaungpaya xi Burma under the Early Konbaungset Kings 1760 1795 xii Britain and Burma 1795 1826 xni The First Residency and the Annexation of Pegu 1826 1855 xiv The Second Residency and the Annexation of Upper Burma xv Burmese Organization under the Bangs xvi The Planting of British Administration xvn Bureaucracy, Dyarchy and Separation from India xvin Economic and Social Evolution xix The Japanese Conquest and its Aftermath xx The Union of Burma Select Bibliography Index CHAPTER I THE PREPAGAN PERIOD THE early history of Burma is obscure The Burmese chronicles begin with the supposed foundation of Tagaung in 850 B.C but the stories they tell are copies of Indian legends taken from Sanskrit or Pali originals The earlest extant description of Further India is in the Geography of the Alexandrian scholar, Ptolemy, who flourished in the middle of the second century A.D He refers to the inhabitants of the Irrawaddy Delta as cannibals These were not, however, the Burmese, for their migrations into the country had not started In Ptolemys time the dominant race in IndoChina was Indonesian It must have been strongly represented in Burma, since her modern in habitants show clear traces of the mixture Buddhist legends point to Indian influence coming by sea There is the story of the two brothers, Tapusa and Palikat, who visited Gautama and received from him eight hairs of his head, which they are said to have brought to Burma and enshrined beneath the Shwe Dagon Pagoda The Mon chronicles contain the story of Sona and Uttara, said to have been deputed to the golden land, Suvarna Bhumi, by the Third Buddhist Council at Pataliputra c 241 B.C Was Burma the golden land of thejatakas, or birth stories of the Buddha Actually, the fragments of the Pali scriptures found on the site of the Pyu capital of Sri Ksetra constitute the earliest evidence of Indian culture in Burma And they do not date earlier than 500 A.D Chinese writers of the third century A.D however, refer to a Buddhist kingdom of Linyang, which Gordon Luce, the authority for this period, places in central Burma Later Chinese writings, from the fourth century onwards, mention a people in central Burma, the Piao, among whom prince and minister, father and son, elder and younger each have their order of precedence By Chinese standards a civilized people, it would seem These were the Pyu, the ruins of whose capital at Old Prome, Sri Ksetra or Field of Glory, with its massive circular city walls and traces of broad moats, can still be seen The Pyu were the earliest inhabitants of Burma of whom records are extant.
MyanmarMyanmar English pronunciation below Burmese , officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a country in Southeast Asia.Myanmar is bordered by India and Bangladesh to its west, Thailand and Laos to its east and China to its north and northeast To its south, about one third of Myanmar s total perimeter of , km , mi forms an uninterrupted coastline of Burma Railway The Burma Railway, also known as the Death Railway, the Siam Burma Railway, the Thai Burma Railway and similar names, was a kilometre mi railway between Ban Pong, Thailand, and Thanbyuzayat, Burma, built by the Empire of Japan in to support its forces in the Burma campaign of World War II.This railway completed the rail link between Bangkok, Thailand, and Rangoon, Burma Burma Shave Jingles Here you will find the complete text of the original Burma Shave jingles, as archived in Frank Rowsome Jr s book The Verse by the Side of the Road.The Verse by the Side of the Road. Myanmar World The Guardian The latest news and comment on Myanmar That is, so long as you don t ignore the outside world, like the Twitter CEO who blithely tweeted from a meditation retreat in Myanmar, says Holly Rigby DVB Multimedia Group Chindits Special Force Burma The Chindits were an allied Special Force formed and lead by General Orde Wingate They fought behind enemy lines in North Burma during in the War against Japan This site tells the story of the Chindits The Comprehensive Guide to Myanmar Recent Posts Dozens of inmates escape in Myanmar jail break Why Facebook is losing the war on hate speech in Myanmar Wife of jailed Reuters journalist in Myanmar gives birth Korea, Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Burma, Tibet The Periphery of China Korea, Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Burma, Tibet, and Mongolia The principle behind this page and this index is that of China as the Middle Kingdom, with the rest of the world arranged around it. Lonely Planet Myanmar Burma Travel Guide Lonely Lonely Planet Myanmar Burma is your passport to the most relevant, up to date advice on what to see and skip, and what hidden discoveries await you Be dazzled by Buddhist architecture in Yangon, explore Bagan s amazing plain of ancient temples, or hike to the floating gardens and markets of Inle Lake all with your trusted travel companion. Articles Burma Thailand Railway Memorial Association FRIDAY, TH MAY AT THE EX POW MEMORIAL IN KINGS PARK Chairman of the Burma Thailand Railway Memorial Association, Eric Wilson OAM APM, attended the Memorial Service for ex Prisoners of War conducted by Mount Lawley Senior High School at Kings Park on th May .
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